A 19TH Century Canadian Time Capsule

Between 1689 and 1696:
Colonel Church with 500 men were sent to Cumberland.

Several people surrendered, but when the English asked them to aid in hunting out the Indians and Frenchman still hiding they refused to comply. In retaliation of the refusal, the English “…burned their houses, destroyed their cattle, robbed them of every thing, and even burned their church.” Boston sent Church out with more forces to take the fort on the St. John river, but he was unable to succeed.

In 1696, peace comes once again between the English and French, and once again the English give up the land to the French.
The peace existed rather in name than in reality, on this side of the Atlantic… The French appear to have done all they could to encroach on the territory of the English settlers, and to prevent them from fishing. They even invited the pirates who infested those seas, to come to LaHave, and assist them in committing depredations on the trade of Massachusetts. Much of the money and merchandise which was obtained in this dishonest manner, was given to the Indians to encourage them in undertaking hostilities against the people of New England.”

Between 1696-1707: Colonel Church, with 550 men, was sent to retaliate against French settlements. He succeeded in devastating Chiegnecto, Minas (now Horton), and several other places. However, no word is given on an attack against the pirates at La Have, probably due to the fact that the English wanted to harass the French rather than directly fight them.

On the 17th May, 1707, an English Force arrived at Port Royal that was substantial enough to ensure the conquest of Nova Scotia. Under the command of Baron Castine, a Frenchman that had married a Native woman, the Natives were successful in ousting this large force. In 1710, nine years into the reign of Queen Anne, the English were able to force the French into surrender. Finally, the French began to realize the importance of keeping Nova Scotia, and decided it was important to retake it.

However, the Governor of Canada could spare no troops to attempt the recovery of Nova Scotia from the English, so he appointed Baron Castine to the chief command in Nova Scotia and urged him to strengthen the loyalty of the Acadians as much as possible.

The priests were also instructed to zealously retain the affections of the Natives. Several attempts were made to recover Port Royal, but none were successful by the time peace was concluded between France and England, and Nova Scotia was for ever given up to the English.