A 19TH Century Canadian Time Capsule

 1713 – Louisburg, Cape Breton invited the Acadians and Natives to emigrate from Nova Scotia after the English had taken Port Royal, and renamed it in honour of Queen Anne – Annapolis Royal.

Many Natives accepted the invitation, but the Acadians didn’t wish to leave their farms and submitted to the English government – eventually, taking the oath of fidelity to King George with the understanding that they would never be asked to fight against their countrymen. They were allowed to keep their religion, and weren’t compelled to pay rent or taxes. As the French had taken great pains to secure the Natives as allies, and taught them to despise the English, they were able to continue hostilities.

1713+: The English ‘capital’ fishing establishment at Canseau was completely destroyed and plundered.

At another time 1713+, five people were scalped near Canseau.
A year or two later (1714+), again surprising that place, they put nine of the inhabitants to death in a very cruel manner. Twenty prisoners were carried to Merliguish, now Lunenburg, whom they meant to sacrifice to those of their friends who had fallen in the engagement.”

The Natives had already commenced a sacrificial ceremony when an English ship arrived to negotiate the release of the prisoners. A young Baron Castine, now the chief of the Natives, had eventually accepted the ransom offered by the English. These Natives were of the Abenaqui nation, whose chief seat was Norridgewoak, now Kennebec, where Castine resided. A missionary named Father Ralle lived in Kennebec with the natives for forty years, and was greatly respected by them. The English suspected Ralle and Castine as the instigators of hostilities perpetrated by the Natives.

12 Aug 1724 – 208 men from Massachusetts attack Norridgewoak, slaughtering the inhabitants, plundering the church, destroying buildings, and pillaging the encampment.

Father Ralle wasn’t intimidated by the English and marched toward them to protect his ‘flock’ with his life. The English responded by immediately firing a shower of bullets at him and the seven Natives that had run out to protect him from attack. The captured Natives wept over the father’s body which had been “perforated with balls, his head scalped, his skull broken with the blows of hatchets, his mouth and eyes filled with mud, the bones of his legs fractured, and his limbs dreadfully mangled.”